The IEEE Power & Energy Society (PES) is proud to be holding its 2015 General Meeting in Denver, Colorado, USA. The technical program theme of "Powering Up the Next Generation" will provide a platform to offer new insights, innovative ideas and answers to some of the most intriguing and important questions facing the power industry today.

The Local Organizing Committee, PES Technical Committees and the General Meeting Coordinating Committee welcome colleagues and friends from all facets of the industry and corners of the world to a valuable technical program, productive committee meetings and exciting networking opportunities.

Our Thanks

PES gratefully acknowledges the support of the 2015 General Meeting’s host utilities, Xcel Energy and TriState Generation & Transmission Association and of all our other generous meeting contributors.

Conference Overview

Below is a brief overview of the conference and meeting schedule and a description of each element of the meeting. The descriptions are in approximately the same order as they occur during the meeting. To find more details about a particular event, please see detailed schedule which will be available mid May 2015.

Note: Attire for the conference is business casual. No denim jeans or shorts in the technical sessions or committee meetings, please.


The 2015 General Meeting will be held at the Sheraton Denver Downtown Hotel, Denver, Colorado, USA. A sleeping room block has been arranged for conference attendees at this hotel.

CONFERENCE SCHEDULE AT A GLANCE: A quick overview of the meeting in chronological order. Detailed description of the events listed can be found elsewhere in the program.

Note: A limited number of sessions and events (in particular, some committee meeting) may fall outside this schedule.

*Tutorials, Technical and Leisure/Companion Tours and Evening Events, Student, Industry and Faculty Luncheon, and Awards Dinner are optional activities with limited capacities; they require an additional fee and tickets for admittance. Plain Talk courses are co-located with the General Meeting, and require a separate registration rather than General Meeting registration. See the General Meeting Registration page for more information about the Plain Talk courses

Day Time Event/Sessions
Sunday All Day Registration/Information
Committee Meetings, Tutorials*
PM Companion Tour*
PM New Attendees Orientation (3:00-4:00 PM)
Evening Welcome Reception at the Denver Art Museum
Monday All Day Registration/Information
Companion Lounge for Registered Companions and Registered Children
AM Attendee and Presenter Breakfasts; Poster Presenter Breakfast, Companion Breakfast
PES Members Meeting (7:30-9:00AM)
Plenary Session (9:00-11:00AM)
Companion Tour*
11 AM Committee Meetings Start
PM Committee Meetings, Technical Sessions, Technical Tours*, Companion Tour*
Evening Committee Poster Sessions, Fellows Reception, Candidates Meet-and-Greet (all co-located) (5-7:30 PM)
Tuesday All Day Registration/Information
Super Sessions, Committee Meetings, Tutorials*, Technical Sessions
Plain Talk Course (co-located event, separate registration required)
Companion Lounge Program for Registered Companions and Registered Children
AM Student Poster Contest and Attendee Breakfast (co-located with the Student Poster Contest); Presenter Breakfast; Companion Breakfast, Companion Tour*
PM Technical Tour*, Companion Tour*
Evening Awards Dinner and Ceremony (7:00-9:30PM)
Wednesday All Day Registration/Information
Committee Meetings, Tutorials*, Technical Sessions
Plain Talk Course (co-located event, separate registration required)
Companion Lounge Program for Registered Companions and Registered Children
AM Attendee and Presenter Breakfasts; Companion Breakfast
Companion Tours*
Noon Student / Industry / Faculty Luncheon – Ticket required
1:30 PM Student / Industry / Faculty Job Fair
PM Technical Tour*
Evening IEEE PES Women in Power Networking Reception; Young Professionals Seminar and Networking Reception
Thursday AM Registration/Information (until 12pm)
Attendee and Presenter Breakfasts; Companion Breakfast
Companion Lounge Program for Registered Companions and Registered Children (until 12pm)
All Day Committee Meetings, Technical Sessions, Tutorials*
Plain Talk Course (co-located event, separate registration required)
Friday All Day Committee Meeting


Plaza Foyer (Plaza Level)

Sunday, 26 July
Monday, 27 July-Tuesday, 28 July
Wednesday, 29 July
Thursday, 30 July
7:30AM - 7:00PM
6:30AM - 7:00PM
6:30AM - 4:00PM
6:30AM - 12:00PM

All attendees are required to register for the 2015 General Meeting and pay the appropriate fee in order to participate in any aspect of the meeting.

At the registration counters, you may pick up your advance registration packets, register on-site, purchase tickets for luncheons or companion and evening events (depending on availability), ask questions at both the registration and information counters.

Conference Proceedings: All registrants for the technical program will be able to download a copy of the conference proceedings from a secure web site. Information on downloading the proceedings will be sent via the registration when the proceedings are available.


Attendee registration fees include: Continental breakfasts Monday-Thursday, Welcome Reception Sunday evening, full technical session and committee meeting program (including the Poster Session and Reception on Monday evening, and Student Poster Contest on Tuesday morning), access to download a copy of the meeting’s proceedings, the opportunity to participate in any of the available optional events open exclusively to registrants at the prevailing registrant rate.

Companion and Children registration fees include: Continental breakfasts Monday-Thursday in the Companion Lounge, welcome reception on Sunday evening, Poster Session and Reception/ Fellows Reception on Monday evening, companion lounge Monday-Thursday, the opportunity to participate in companion tours and any of the other available optional events open to registered companions at the prevailing registered companion rate. Companions are not admitted to technical session nor do they receive a copy of the proceedings. Note: Registered children must be accompanied by a registered companion when in the companion lounge or participating in any conference activities, including tours.

Student registration fees include: Continental breakfasts Monday-Thursday, welcome reception Sunday evening, full technical session and committee meeting program (including the poster session and co-located receptions on Monday evening and the Student Poster Contest on Tuesday morning), access to download a copy of the meeting’s proceedings, participation in any program elements designed exclusively for students. If you wish to attend the Student/Industry/Faculty Luncheon on Wednesday, you must purchase a ticket for the luncheon. Plus optional events open to registrants at the prevailing registrant rate


PES-Related Displays: Tables with literature and with materials about PES and IEEE membership, programs, publications and future meetings.

Information Booth: Staffed by local volunteers, you can obtain information about the meeting, the venue and the Denver area from knowledgeable people.

Message Center: A bulletin board where you can find last-minute changes to the meeting program or room assignments, and leave written messages for other attendees.


Sunday, 26 July
3:00PM - 4:00PM
Governor’s Square 14

A short orientation session will familiarize first-time attendees with PES and the PES General Meeting. Session will provide an understanding of the various types of technical sessions, committee meetings, tutorials, technical tours, and social events. At the end of the session, the newcomer should be able to navigate confidently through the General Meeting and obtain maximum value from the experience. Session will include a question and answer period.


Sunday, 26 July
Denver Art Museum

Take this opportunity to renew old acquaintances and meet more members of the power and energy community. You are invited to enjoy a complimentary hors d’oeuvre buffet and a cash bar. Photo ID will be required to purchase alcoholic beverages.

A few things to keep in mind:

  • Remember your GM badge. You will not be allowed to the Welcome Reception without it. Registration will be open until 8:00pm. (Location: Plaza Foyer – Plaza Level)
  • As is true of all elements of the General Meeting, smoking is not permitted at this event


Monday, 27 July
Tuesday, 28 July
Wednesday, 29 July
Thursday, 30 July
6:30AM – 7:30AM - Plaza Foyer
7:00AM – 9:30AM - Plaza Foyer and Ballroom AD (with Student Poster Contest)
6:30AM – 8:30AM - Plaza Foyer
6:30AM – 8:30AM - Plaza Foyer

Complimentary continental breakfasts for all conference registrants will be available Monday through Thursday. Note that a general breakfast is not offered on days other than these.


Monday, 27 July
Tuesday, 28 July
Wednesday, 29 July
Thursday, 30 July
6:30AM - 7:30AM - Grand Ballroom 1
6:30AM - 8:30AM - Grand Ballroom
6:30AM - 8:30AM - Grand Ballroom
6:30AM - 8:30AM - Grand Ballroom

Presenters must attend a special breakfast on the day of their sessions where final plans for the session at which they will present will be made. There is a separate Poster Session Presenter Breakfast on Monday morning from 6:45AM -7:45AM. See additional information in the “Information for Presenters” section of this program.


Monday, 27 July
7:30AM - 9:00AM
Plaza Ballroom

PES President Miroslav M. Begovic will provide an update about PES progress and activities of the past year. The candidates for the office of the PES candidates for the President-Elect, Secretary and Treasurer will each make a short presentation of his/her views for the Society and IEEE so you can make an informed decision when you vote during this year’s election. (Meet the candidates face-to-face at a reception that will be co-located with the Monday Night Poster Session Location to be announced, 5:00PM-7:30PM, Monday, 27 July.)


Monday, 27 July
9:00AM - 11:00AM
Plaza Ballroom

PES President Miroslav M. Begovic will moderate the Plenary Session which begins immediately following the PES Members Meeting. The notable keynote speakers who will address aspects of the conference theme, " Powering Up the Next Generation” are:

Dr. Dan Arvizu, Director, National Renewable Energy Laboratory
Mark McGranahan, Vice President of Power Delivery and Utilization, Electric Power Research Institute;
Dr. David Sun, Chief Scientist, Alstom Grid;
Joel Bladow, Senior Vice President of Transmission, Tri-State Generation & Transmission Association, Inc.
Teresa Mogensen, Senior Vice President, Transmission, Xcel Energy Services Inc.
Dr. Martin Braun, Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy and Energy System Technology (IWES)


Most administrative and technical committee meetings are scheduled from Monday 11:00AM (following the Plenary Session) through Thursday afternoon. Some additional committee meetings are scheduled on Sunday, 26 July. See the Committee Meeting section of the program for details. Last minute updates to the program will be posted on the message board in the Registration area as well as via push notifications for those who will be using mobile app.


See the “Technical Session and Other Events” section of the program for a complete listing and description of all technical sessions. Descriptions include an abstract of each event and papers presented during each session. Last minute updates to this program will be posted in the Registration area as well as via push notifications for those who will be using mobile app. Technical meetings are planned for Monday afternoon and evening and all day Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday. The following types of sessions are scheduled:

Super Sessions: a series of presentations in composite sessions designed to fully explore topics from different perspectives. Experts from several PES technical committees will address subjects that are of significant interest to the profession:

  • DC in a AC world
  • Changing Generation Assets and Their Impacts
  • Challenges In Asset Management
  • Future Economics of The Grid
  • Late Breaking News

Panel Sessions: Invited papers on a wide variety of noteworthy subjects.

Transactions Paper Sessions: Presentation of high quality IEEE PES Transactions papers on many issues of significance to energy and power professionals.

Paper Forums: Multiple authors present brief overviews of their quality papers followed by time for a discussion with the individual author(s) of your choice.

Poster Session: A Monday evening special event with hundreds of authors representing all aspects of the industry, each presenting a poster version of his/her paper. Enjoy hot and cold hors d’oeuvres and refreshing beverages as you browse the posters and discuss the papers oneon- one with their authors.

Student Poster Contest: The Student Poster Contest will be held in conjunction with the Tuesday morning attendee breakfast (on 28 July) in the Plaza AD.

Tutorials: Twelve tutorials will be presented during the meeting. Classes are taught by eminent professionals in the field. Earn PDHs and CEUs for your attendance (see below for an explanation of PDHs and CEUs). Full or one-day conference registration plus an additional fee is required in order to attend any of these courses. For complete information about the tutorials including pricing, information about the instructors and schedule, see the Tutorial section of the program in the pages that follow. Tickets may be purchased at the Registration desk if seats remain. Topics covered will include:

  • Energy Storage
  • Intelligent Systems Support for Transactive Energy Systems
  • Fault Current Contributions from Wind Plants
  • GHG Emissions Standards for the Power and Energy Sector
  • Smart Grid Data and Analytics
  • Smart Distribution Systems
  • Energy Forecasting
  • Renewable Energy Systems
  • Distribution Systems Modeling
  • Smart Substations
  • Understanding Cascading Phenomenon
  • Distribution Volt-var Control and Optimization

Technical Tours: Four half-day inspection trips are offered. Registration is permitted through 11 July only. No on-site technical tour registration is available. Valid photo ID must be presented at the beginning of each tour. See the Technical Tour section of the program for descriptions and details of each tour.


Monday, 27 July
Plaza Foyer & Ballroom

(co-located with the Fellows’ Reception, the Meet the Candidates Reception and an opportunity to meet the donors who have contributed to the PES Scholarship Plus program)

A popular feature of the PES General Meeting technical program is the Poster Session, where papers from each represented committee and all topics will be presented. A complimentary hors d’oeuvre buffet will be served and cash bar will be available. Attendee or Companion badges are required for entrance to the Poster Session; Photo ID will be required to purchase alcoholic beverages at the bar. (The Student Poster Contest will be held Tuesday morning, 7:30AM - 9:00AM in the Plaza AD, during which an Attendees’ Breakfast will be available.)


Monday, 27 July
Plaza Foyer & Ballroom

(co-located with the Poster Session and New Fellows Reception)

The PES candidates for the President-Elect, Secretary and Treasurer will each make a short presentation of his/her views for the Society and IEEE so you can make an informed decision when you vote during this year’s election.


Monday, 27 July
Plaza Foyer & Ballroom

(co-located with the Poster Session, Candidates Reception)

As part of PES’s recognition of extraordinary achievements in the technical and professional fields of energy and power, during the reception held in their honor you are cordially invited to stop in and congratulate the IEEE Fellows elected to the class of 2015 who are members of PES.


Monday, 27 July
Plaza Foyer & Ballroom

(co-located with the Poster Session, Candidates Reception and New Fellows Reception)

Meet the individuals who will help shape the future of the Power Industry and congratulate them on being selected as IEEE PES Scholars.


Tuesday, 28 July
Plaza Foyer & Ballroom

(co-located with Attendee Breakfast)

Take this opportunity to see the work done by hundreds of the top students in our field. Plan to spend some time discussing topics of mutual interest with the participants.


Tuesday, 28 July
Grand Ballroom
US$80; After 19 June US$95

Join us for a banquet dinner where IEEE and PES award winners are honored for their outstanding achievements. Vegetarian/vegan meals are available upon request. Seating is limited. You may purchase tickets on-site at the Registration Desk if there are seats remaining. A cash bar serving beer and wine will open at 6:30 pm and be available thru dinner. Photo ID will be required to purchase alcoholic beverages.


An exciting student program for IEEE PES Student Members includes a Poster Contest, and the Student/Industry/Faculty luncheon (ticket required) as well as the Student/Industry/Faculty Job Fair. Student members are invited to participate in all other aspects of the General Meeting as well. After registering for the General Meeting, students may visit for more information about the program. Students must be prepared to verify their status by providing their ID and IEEE Membership number when picking up their registration packets onsite.


Wednesday, 29
Grand Ballroom
US$50; After 19 June US$55
Students US $25; After 19 June US $30

Student/Industry/Faculty Luncheon: Attend a luncheon designed to bring together students, industry representatives and faculty advisors. The recipients of the IEEE PES Student Prize Paper Award in Honor of T. Burke Hayes and the recipients of the Student Poster Contest will be recognized. All meeting registrants are invited to purchase tickets and join the luncheon as long as there are seats remaining. Seating is limited.


Wednesday, 29
Grand Ballroom

International Job Fair for Students: Employers and university graduates and undergraduates can participate in an International Job Fair for Students following the luncheon. This job fair will provide a forum for employers and students who share a common interest in the power and energy industry to meet and discuss career opportunities. It enables one-to-one conversations between company engineers or recruitment professionals and students who will soon be in the job market. Students will sit with a potential employer during lunch. Students may circulate among recruiting tables for further conversations.


Wednesday, 29
Grand Ballroom I

All registered attendees are invited to this complimentary informal reception held to encourage networking between industry, government and university participants. This year, an exciting new format is being introduced. From 5:00PM – 6:30PM, interact with one or more of the woman successful in the power industry who has been invited to share experiences and wisdom with those attending the reception. There will be plenty of opportunity to network with other attendees at the reception as well. Light refreshments will be provided.


Wednesday, 29 July
Grand Ballroom II

The Young Professionals reception and seminar provides an opportunity for all conference attendees, in particular, current students and engineers that have graduated within the last ten years to network, meet officers of IEEE PES, and to make contacts among their peers in the Power & Energy community. Find out how you can contribute to PES and how it can help you. All registered attendees are invited. Light refreshments will be provided. A 20 minute seminar will begin at 6:45PM.


Access to the activities described below is limited to registered companions and registered children in the company of a registered companion.

Registered companions and children are invited to mingle and relax in the Companion Hospitality Lounge, located in the South Convention Lobby located in the Tower Building Second level. The lounge will be open Sunday 12:00PM - 5:00PM Monday through Wednesday, 7:00AM - 5:00PM Thursday 7:00AM – 12:00PM

Complimentary breakfast will be served Monday through Thursday, 7:00AM -9:30AM.

Many fun activities are being planned for the lounge. Please check on-site in the lounge for more details and activity sign-up.


A full program of optional tours has been planned for registered companions. Descriptions of the tours follow in chronological order. Registered children are welcome on the tours but must be accompanied by a registered parent. Tickets for each tour are sold at a single rate regardless of the age of the person participating. A companion or child’s badge is required in order to participate. You may purchase ticket onsite if there are seats available. Please visit the registration desk to check availability.

Please arrive at the pick-up point 15 minutes before the scheduled start time of the tour. All tours depart from the Court Street.

Note: The buses used for the tours have storage for a wheelchair or mobility scooter, but do not have a wheelchair lift. Guests must be able to enter and exit the buses without the aid of a lift.

Denver City Swing Tour

Sunday, July 26
1:00PM – 4:00PM

Take a trip into the heart of the "Mile High City" on a Denver City Swing. Guests tour the downtown finance and business areas as well as the revitalized parts of "old" Denver which have been creatively combined with powerful skyscrapers. See the spectacular State Capitol Building, one of the many "ooh and aah" stops. Enjoy riding through our lovely mansion areas and parks. Catch a glimpse of the renovated lower downtown (LoDo) district. The block-long Larimer Square is filled with interesting boutiques as well as some of the city’s top restaurants. A picture stop is made at Coors Field, home of the Colorado Rockies and one of the top tourist stops in the Denver area.

Sample itinerary

Depart Denver 1:00PM
Drive by Tour 1:00PM – 2:15PM
U.S. Mint or State Capitol Tour 2:30PM - 3:45PM
Arrive back to Denver Hotel 4:00PM

Note: Walking shoes recommended. Photo stops during tour. |
Price: US$28.00

Rocky Mountain Rendezvous (Rocky Mountain National Park and Historic Estes Park)

Monday, July 27
9:00AM - 6:00PM

Enter the ancestral Rockies and wind up the spectacular canyon to Estes Park, eastern gateway to Rocky Mountain National Park. Wildlife viewing is possible most of the year but summer is a particularly good time to see the park’s inhabitants. We’ll tour the park by motorcoach visiting the most scenic spots and most interesting landmarks. Then, it’s all aboard for the return trip down to the charming and quaint mountain town of Estes Park. You will be given time this afternoon to have lunch, sightsee and browse the myriad shops, quality boutiques and art galleries.

Note: Weather dictates which roads in Rocky Mountain National Park are open throughout the year. Lunch on own.
Price: US$82.00

LODO Walking Tour

Monday, July 27
2:00PM – 4:00PM

Don't miss a chance to see "LoDo", Denver's Lower Downtown District, up close. Shops, restaurants, clubs, lofts and galleries are springing up everywhere and pulsing with life! Discover how Denver was born in this informative entertaining two hour walking tour! Your hosts give historically correct fun facts on how the city thrived on the Pike’s Peak Gold Rush of 1858. Learn about the many historical buildings along the way and which famous citizens have inhabited them.

Note: Walking involved. Casual attire and comfortable shoes suggested.
Price: US$12.00

Best of Boulder

Tuesday, July 28
10:00AM – 4:00PM

Boulder is a dynamic university community, nestled near the base of the scenic Flatiron Mountains - offering breathtaking views. Your tour takes you to the famous Celestial Seasonings facility to see, taste, and smell the world of teas. There is an informative tour and a delightful gift shop with "Tea" shirts, whimsical gifts with the famous "Sleepy - Time Bear" and a variety of tea accouterments. We then visit the famous Pearl Street Mall - an outdoor mall with very unique character! The Mall is home to a wide variety of fascinating shops and delicious dining. Guests will be given time for lunch on their own on the Mall before we drive through the University of Colorado's expansive campus to see beautiful historical buildings and gorgeous landscaping on the way back to Denver.

Note: Lunch on Pearl Street varies by restaurant and is not included in the above estimated price.
Price: US$72.00

Foothills Fandango

Tuesday, July 28
11:30AM – 3:30PM

Head for the foothills to experience one of Colorado's most photographed and scenic sights – Red Rocks Park and Amphitheatre - an experience in itself! In the nearby town of Golden at the foot of the Colorado Rockies a marvelous tour of the largest single-site brewery in the world awaits. The brewery’s 35-minute self-guided audio tour includes a walk through the malting, brewing and packaging processes. The tour concludes with an opportunity to sample Coors’ fine beers or non-alcoholic products in the hospitality lounge and time to shop in the Coors & Co. gift shop.

Sample itinerary
Depart Denver 11:30AM
Red Rocks 12:00PM - 1:15PM
Coors Brewery 1:30PM - 3:00PM
Arrive Back in Denver 3:30PM

Note: Walking shoes recommended.
Price: US$52.00

Georgetown: "Silverqueen" of the Rockies

Wednesday, July 29
8:15AM - 3:15PM

Enjoy an excursion into the high Rockies to Georgetown, an old silver mine "Boom Town" of the 1860's and 1870's. Once the number one silver producer in the world, today Georgetown, with its beautifully preserved Victorian dwellings and true western main street, has an aura all its own.

Next, experience the thrill of riding the Colorado Historical Society’s Georgetown Loop Railroad. This one hour and ten minute round-trip train ride travels between the towns of Georgetown and Silver Plume and takes you over the reconstructed Devil’s Gate High Bridge and through the same spectacular Colorado mountain scenery that visitors of yesteryear enjoyed.

We’ll then drive back into the historic town of Georgetown for time on your own to enjoy lunch and do some shopping.

Note: Coach seats are not in a fully-enclosed car and will be exposed to the elements. Layers are suggested.
Price: US$99.00

Colorado sights and scents
The Denver Botanic Gardens & Denver Art Museum

Note: This Companion Tour has been cancelled.

Wednesday, July 29
9:00am - 12:30pm

The Denver Botanic Gardens is a unique complex that has attracted international attention through its use of spectacular design, materials and choice of plant specimens. Following the Denver Botanic Gardens tour, guests will also visit the Denver Art Museum for a Collections Highlight Tour.

The North building completed in 1971 was designed by Gio Ponti and local architect James Sudler. The original building is itself as much a work of art as the objects it contains. The brilliantly modern new wing of the Denver Art Museum offers a vision of Denver’s future.

Note: Walking shoes recommended.
Price: US$76.00


IEEE PES PLAIN TALK courses for the power industry professional will help you to understand technical aspects of the electric power industry, even if you do not have an engineering background. You will gain insights into the concerns of engineers, the demands of regulators and consumer groups, and the factors and trends that impact the operation of today’s electric power systems. These courses are also appropriate for new engineers to the industry, or for engineers in other fields who are transitioning to the electric power industry. These courses aim to increase your understanding of the electric power system by providing you with practical knowledge that you can use as you work in or with this important industry.

IEEE PES PLAIN TALK courses are co-located events rather than parts of the General Meeting, and thus, conference registration is not required to attend these courses. The fee to register for the courses on-site is US$2,150 for three courses, US$1,510 for two courses and US$795 for a single course. (If you register on or before 1 July, prices are lower. See the Plain Talk web page noted below for specifics.) The course fee includes continental breakfast, lunch and all course materials. Breakfast and registration: 7:30AM – 8:00AM. Courses start promptly at 8:00AM. You may register on-site if seats are available.

Power System Basics – Understanding the Electric Utility Operation Inside and Out

Tuesday, 28 July

The focus of this course is to provide a fundamental foundation in electric power systems, from basic formulas to the planning, operations, and equipment involved in generating, transmitting, and distributing electric power. Basic electrical terminology will be explained in simple to understand language with regard to design, construction, operation and maintenance of power plants, substations and transmission and distribution lines. Topics covered in the course include an introduction to the fundamentals and basic formulas of electricity as well as the equipment involved in the electric power system. An overview of generation, substations, transmission, distribution, and utilization is provided. Protection, reliable operation, and safety are among the topics covered.

Instructor: Douglas A. Bowman

Distribution System – Delivering Power to the Customer

Wednesday, 29 July

(Prerequisite for this course is Power System Basics or a familiarity with basic formulas and power system equipment.)

The focus of this course is to provide attendees with an overview of the issues associated with the planning, engineering, design, operation, and automation of electrical distribution systems. Types of distribution systems and network circuits, as well as engineering issues related to distribution systems will be explored. New concepts in the design, challenges, and operation of smart grid will be addressed. This course is intended for those who are not familiar with the delivery of electricity to the end user.

Topics covered in the course include an introduction to the types of distribution systems, issues associated with distribution planning such as outages and reliability, distribution engineering considerations relating to radial and secondary networks, and distribution automation. The course also provides an overview of electrical distribution operations, including the roles of utility personnel, construction and maintenance considerations, and trends in the industry. Smart grid and its impact on the distribution system will be explored.

Instructors: Joseph L. Koepfinger and Maurice Ney

Transmission System – The Interconnected Bulk Electric System

Thursday, 30 July

(Prerequisite for this course is Power System Basics or a familiarity with basic formulas and power system equipment.)

The focus of this course is to provide participants with knowledge of how electric power is transferred from generation sources to distribution systems via the interconnected electric bulk power system known as “the grid.” Basic physical laws governing the grid will be introduced, as well as the regulatory agencies involved in its governance. The great blackouts will be explored. This course is intended to increase participant’s understanding of the electric grid and how it functions in the electric power system. Topics covered in the course include an introduction to the fundamental concepts of power, energy, and power system stability as they relate to the grid. The grid is explored in terms of its interconnections, power flow, North American interconnections, and governing bodies such as NERC/ERO, ISOs, and RTOs. Reliability standards and contingency analysis are addressed. Issues related to the planning and operation of the grid, such as transmission and economic constraints, determining transmission transfer capability, and dealing with congestion are reviewed. The course also discusses the great blackouts, their root causes, and lessons learned.

Instructor: Robert W. Waldele



Presenter/Chair Breakfasts

All presenters, panelists and session chairs MUST meet at breakfast the day of their session(s) to discuss session arrangements. Attendance is required. All presenters should have received e-mails providing the dates of their sessions and breakfasts.

Presenter Breakfasts

Monday, 27 July
Tuesday, 28 July
Wednesday, 29 July
Thursday, 30 July
6:30AM – 7:30AM - Grand Ballroom 1
6:30AM – 8:30AM - Grand Ballroom
6:30AM – 8:30AM - Grand Ballroom
6:30AM – 8:30AM - Grand Ballroom

Poster Session Presenter Breakfast

Monday, 27 July
Grand Ballroom 2


Technical Session rooms will be equipped with an LCD projector and screen, power and extension cords, podium, microphone if appropriate, and a wireless mouse. Speakers who wish to use a computer during their presentations are required to provide their own laptop computers and are responsible for ensuring compatibility with on-site equipment.

Committee meeting rooms will be equipped with a cart (for any electronic equipment you may provide on your own), screen, and power and extension cords. No projector or computer will be provided. Arrangements, including payment via credit card, for any additional audio-visual equipment you wish to rent from the meeting’s AV provider must be made in advance.

The Presenters Prep Room, located in the Client Office 1, will be equipped with an LCD projector with the same specifications and compatibility as those in the Technical Session rooms. The equipment is provided to allow presenters to become familiar with, and to ensure that, their laptop computers are compatible with on-site equipment provided. Please check at the Information Booth or Paper Sales area for exact location, hours and access.


Continuing Education Units (CEUs) offered by IEEE

A Continuing Education Unit (CEU) is ten contact hours of participation in an organized continuing education experience under responsible, qualified direction and instruction. A unit generally consists of courses of study that refresh, update and enhance knowledge, skills and experience of professional personnel. Any course that offers CEUs which is presented by an IEEE entity has been reviewed and approved according to standards set by IEEE. All registered students who complete an IEEE course offering CEUs will receive a certificate via email from the IEEE attesting to the CEUS earned by the attendee.

It is up to each student to determine if a specific course or program fills the needs of the discipline or certifying body for which the CEUs are intended.

Professional Development Hours (PDHs)

Continuing professional education for licensed engineers is measured in Professional Development Hours (PDH). A PDH is one contact hour of instruction or presentation. Currently, approximately thirty states mandate Professional Development Hours to maintain P.E. licensure, each with varying requirements. CEUs readily translate into PDHs (1CEU=10 PDHs), though PDHs do not convert automatically to CEUs.

The licensee is responsible for maintaining records to be used to support PDH credits claimed. PES does not track this information. Unlike the procedure for CEUs, courses are not preapproved by the IEEE for PDHs.

At many PES meetings, forms are readily available that can be completed by attendees of any session and signed by the session chair to verify attendance. The completed forms are held by each attendee. They are not submitted to IEEE. It is up to each licensee to provide the forms to the certifying body or employer, and to determine if a specific course or program fills the needs of the discipline or certifying body and/or employer for which the PDHs are intended.


Technical tours are a unique element of the PES General Meeting technical program. This year, the following tours are being offered to registered attendees of the General Meeting. All tours depart from the Court Street. Please arrive 15 minutes earlier than the posted departure time. Advance registration for all technical tours is required. There is no on-site registration for technical tours. Tour conditions require that attendees wear clothing with long sleeves/long pants.

Denver Transit Partners/Regional Transportation District Electric Commuter Rail Maintenance Facility (CRMF)
Monday, 27 July

Tour time: Depart hotel at 1:00PM, arrive at RTD about 1:30PM., tour till 3:30PM
Location: 5151 Fox Street, Globeville (Denver)

The Electric Commuter Rail Maintenance Facility received its first four vehicles in December 2014. It's a 230,000 square foot facility designed to house 220 operators, mechanics, other staff, and up to 80 electric rail cars. The Operations Control Center for Denver’s Electric Rail system is also located here. The facility is was awarded with a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Silver Certification. The trip will include a guided tour of the repair and maintenance facilities as well as the Operations Control Center and warehouse.

Note: Limited to 30 people. ADA compliant but quantity of elevators is limited. Recommend comfortable closed toe walking shoes.
Price: US$40.00

These two stops are combined for one round-trip tour.

Solar Technology Acceleration Center (SolarTAC)
Monday, 27 July

Tour time: Depart hotel at 12:30PM, tour from 1:00PM -3:00PM
Location: 2850 Hudson Mile Rd, Watkins, Colorado

The Solar Technology Acceleration Center is a 74 acre integrated research park. It is used by the solar industry to test, validate, and demonstrate near-market and advanced solar technologies. In operation since 2011, it includes facilities for both photovoltaic and concentrated solar power technologies, as well as access to the electric grid. Located near the Denver International Airport, the site provides excellent solar insolation with more than 300 days of sunshine every year.

Note: Will be walking outdoors. Recommend comfortable closed toe walking shoes, hat and sunglasses.

Monday, 27 July

Tour time: 3:30PM – 5:00PM
Location: 3801 Havana St, Denver, Colorado

SMA is the global market leader for inverters, of which more than 30 GW have been delivered. SMA builds inverters for residential, commercial and industrial PV applications of up to 1,500 VDC and 2.475 kVA per unit. They also market a PV / Diesel hybrid system, battery inverters and offer planning software and real-time monitoring systems. This will be an opportunity to discuss emerging product ideas with SMA engineers.

Price: US$40.00

These two stops are combined for one round-trip tour.

*Western Area Power Administration, Electric Power Training Center (EPTC)
Tuesday, 28 July

Tour time: Depart hotel at 12:00PM, tour from 1:00PM - 2:15PM
Location: 1667 Cole Blvd, Building 19, Lakewood, Colorado

The Western Area Power Administration (WAPA) markets and delivers hydroelectric power and related services within a 15 state region of the central and western US. Its transmission system carries electricity from 55 hydropower plants with a combined capacity of 10.6 gigawatts. The Electric Power Training Center is used to train power system operators at WAPA and many other utilities.

Note: Non-US citizen visitor approval required ahead of time. Registration for this tour closes June 26.

NREL Energy Systems Interconnection Facility (ESIF)
Tuesday, 28 July

Tour Time: Depart EPTC at 2:15PM arrive at ESIF at 2:30PM, tour till 3:45PM
Location: 15013 Denver West Parkway, Golden, Colorado

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the United States’ primary laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency research and development. The Energy Systems Interconnection Facility houses labs conducting research on Power Systems Integration, Energy Storage, Smart Power, Thermal Processes, and Optical Characterization. It is a 183,000 square foot facility that has a new super computer center. It has been awarded with a Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Gold Certification.

Note: Non-US citizen visitor approval required ahead of time. Registration for this tour closes June 26.
Price: US$40.00

These two stops are combined for one round-trip tour.

NREL National Wind Technology Center (NWTC)
Wednesday, 29 July

Tour Time: Depart hotel at 12:00PM, tour 1:00PM - 3 :00PM
Location: 18299 West 120th Ave, (Hwy 93 & 128), Louisville, Colorado

The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is the United States’ primary laboratory for renewable energy and energy efficiency research and development. The Wind Technology Center is the nation’s premier wind energy technology research facility. It advances the development of innovative land-based and offshore wind energy technologies. The 305 acre site is comprised of test sites, test laboratories, industrial work areas, machine shops, electronics and instrumentation laboratories, and office areas. The testing facilities for full size gearboxes and wind turbine blades are especially interesting.

Note: Non-US citizen visitor approval required ahead of time. Registration for this tour closes June. 26. Partly outdoors, may be windy. Recommend comfortable closed toe walking shoes, hat, sunglasses and long-pants.

Plains-End Power Plant
Wednesday, 29 July

Tour Time: 3:15PM - 4:30PM
Location: 8950 Hwy 93 (near Hwy 72), Arvada, Colorado

The Plains-End Power Plant is the world’s largest reciprocating engine peaking power plant. It is comprised of 34 large natural gas units totaling 231 MW. These reciprocating engines have high operational flexibility. Most of the time, they operate in non-spinning reserve mode, capable of ramping to full output in less than ten minutes to help balance changes in wind plant output. With a small diesel generator on site, the plant has black start capabilities.

Note: Part of tour will be outdoors. Recommend comfortable closed toe walking shoes, hat and sunglasses.
Price: US$40.00


Meeting registration plus an additional fee is required to attend any of these courses. Earn CEUs and PDHs for your attendance. You may register on-site if seats and materials are available.


Energy Storage: An introduction to Technologies, Applications and Best Practices

Date: Sunday, 26 July
Time: 8:00AM-12:00PM
Price: Early Bird US$195, Regular US$240.
Student Early Bird US$50, Student Regular US$75.
Instructors: Hamidreza Zareipour, University of Calgary; Kintner-Meyer, Michael CW, PNNL; Sudipta Lahairi

Energy storage is becoming an attracting solution for today’s smart grid, either being operated independently as asset or interacting with other resources like wind/solar generation or demand response. This tutorial is a half-day course to provide participants a solid understanding on the basics and the state-of-the-art energy storage application, its implications on the grid’s reliability and the system’s economics and how-to on evaluating its performance and cost-benefit. Instructors with diverse background on this subject will bring the field deployment experience of energy storage applications and the real-world example to demonstrate the analytic tools in assisting the utility planning and operation decisions. The course is suitable for non-technical, as well as technical audiences, including regulatory, legislative, and utility staff members. Topics include:

  • Basics of Energy Storage and Potential Applications for Power System.
  • Energy Storage Application: Operation and planning.
  • Energy Storage Application: market and economics.
  • Tools to Evaluate Energy Storage Performance.

Intelligent Systems Support for Transactive Energy Systems: The Fundamentals

Date: Sunday, 26 July
Time: 8:00AM-12:00PM
Price: Early Bird US$195, Regular US$240.
Student Early Bird US$50, Student Regular US$75.
Instructors: Dr. Koen Kok, TNO, The Netherlands; Steve Widergren, PNNL; Leigh Tesfatsion, Iowa State University

Recently, Transactive Energy (TE) Systems have gained great interest in the Power and Energy community. TE approaches optimize the operation of distributed energy resources through market-based transactions between participants. TE systems have shown to improve the match between (local) electricity consumption and the (local) production and, by doing so, (i) improve the integration of renewable energy generation and (ii) solve local overloading in distribution networks. As we move to integrate thousands and millions of distributed energy resources, decentralized, transactive approaches are becoming increasingly important because of their scalability and robustness. Further, the ability to encourage fair compensation for services rendered is an important aspect. Distributed multi-objective optimization, e.g. using multi-agent systems (MAS) technology, is key to building scalable transactive systems as past experiences have shown. In this tutorial, pioneering transactive energy researchers from both sides of the Atlantic give an overview of the principles and concepts behind transactive energy and give insight in the most important transactive energy implementations available. Topics include:

  • Drivers and fundamentals.
  • Implementations, Field Experiences and Developmental Guidelines.

Fault Current Contributions from Wind Plants

Date: Sunday, 26 July
Time: 1:00PM - 5:00PM
Price: Early Bird US$195, Regular US$240.
Student Early Bird US$50, Student Regular US$75.
Instructors: Dean Miller, PacifiCorp; Sukumar Brahma, New Mexico State University; Wayne Dilling, Mortenson; Ashok Gopalakrishnan, Quanta Services; Charles Henville, Henville Consulting; Jim Niemira, S&C Electric; Reigh Walling, Walling Energy Systems Consulting

The safe, reliable operation of electrical power systems requires the ability to predict and model the sources of fault current, including contributions from wind powered generating plants, in order to select equipment properly rated, and to design and develop settings for the protection systems. Groups of wind turbine generators are clustered and networked to form wind plants. Several characteristics are unique to wind plants, but the most significant characteristic to the topic of this tutorial is the response of the wind turbine generators to faults on the power system. Wind turbine generators (WTG) must be able to tolerate rapid fluctuations in wind speed (turbulence and gusting). The traditional rigid mechanical and electrical coupling of the prime mover and a synchronous generator will not tolerate these fluctuations. There are WTGs of five basic types that can, in some cases with supplemental equipment, tolerate the fluctuations in the wind speed and deliver electrical power in the form that meets the requirements of the transmission system.

The tutorial and the report that it is based on covers the electrical design of wind plant, the theoretical and experimental performance during faults of the WTGs, the issues in specifying fault interrupting devices and designing protective relay systems for wind plants, the data necessary to model wind plants, and the results from the analysis of faults on wind plant interconnections.

GHG Emissions Standards for the Power & Energy Sector: Design and Application

Date: Sunday, 26 July
Time: 1:00PM - 5:00PM
Price: Early Bird US$195, Regular US$240.
Student Early Bird US$50, Student Regular US$75.
Instructors: Jim McConnach, Independent Energy Consultant; Richard W Vesel, US-ABB; Dick Doyle

There are a number of ISO and IEC standards for the quantification and recording of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions. Adapting these for specific uses by the electrical power and energy sector is desirable. The title of the IEEE-SA Standards Project P1595 is: "Standards for Designating and Quantifying Green Energy Projects in the Electricity Sector". This standard will cover and define the rules for designation and quantification of electrical energy from "Green Technology" projects such as Wind and Solar.

The Tutorial will review existing ISO and IEC Standards to raise awareness of the design principles and application of these standards and how they can form the basis for developing P1595.

Smart Grid 204: Introduction to Smart Grid Data and Analytics

Date: Thursday, 30 July
Time: 8:00AM - 12:00PM
Price: Early Bird US$195, Regular US$240.
Student Early Bird US$50, Student Regular US$75.
Instructor: Doug Houseman, EnerNex

This is an introductory level course to look at smart grid data and analytics, the focus is on the distribution and customer domains of the NIST model. The course covers the following key topics:

  • What data is available from which devices, from the in home controller to meters to relays and substation automation.
  • What applications can be done with the data, with a heavy focus on AMI and line devices.
  • What is the value of each of the applications to the various stakeholders that are associated with the grid, using the Illinois Collaborative definitions of stakeholders.

The course will look at the process of collecting and verifying data, including all of the pitfalls that may occur and provide a 20 step process to go from no data to running analytics. The course is suitable for non-technical, as well as technical audiences, including regulatory, legislative, and utility staff members. The course will also compare and contrast the two major privacy contenders and the impact each would have on the ability to perform the analytic applications based on the principles of each contender. Included in the course will be a summary of the ARRA analytics that have been highlighted by the EPRI and DOE reports.


Smart Distribution Systems

Date: Sunday, 26 July
Time: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
Price: Early Bird US$295, Regular US$395.
Student Early Bird $100, Student Regular $150
Instructors: Larry Clark, Alabama Power Company; Anil Pahwa, Kansas State University; Georges Simard, S.I.M.A.R.D.SG Inc.; Robert Uluski, UISOL; Brian Deaver, EPRI; Ethan Boardman, Alstom GRID; Julio Romero Aguero, Quanta Technology; Grant Gilchrist, Enernex; Terry Saxton, Xtensible Solutions

The concept of Smart Grid involves the complete chain of energy delivery from generation to the customers. Many of the smart grid applications will occur at the distribution level since this is where new communication infrastructure will enable new automation schemes, integration of distributed generation, and integration of customer systems with the operation of the power delivery system. This tutorial covers the most recent evolution of smart distribution applications and technologies involved in the smart distribution system. Important applications include traditional distribution automation functions along with advancements in Volt and Var Control, System Monitoring, Distribution Management Systems and Distributed resource integration. Telecommunication and Standards on Smart Distribution systems will also be part of the tutorial. Topics Include:

  • Smart Distribution Systems Fundamentals
  • Smart Distribution Systems
  • Smart Distribution Circuit Automation
  • Volt/VAR Control
  • Smart Distribution Monitoring
  • Integrated Distribution Management Systems
  • Distributed Energy Resource Integration
  • Smart Communications
  • Smart Distribution Applications Integration

Energy Forecasting in the Smart Grid Era

Date: Sunday, 26 July
Time: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
Price: Early Bird US$295, Regular US$395.
Student Early Bird $100, Student Regular $150
Instructors: Tao Hong, University of North Carolina at Charlotte; Shu Fan, Monash University; Hamidreza Zareipour, University of Calgary; Pierre Pinson, Technical University of Denmark

Wide range deployment of smart grid technologies enables utilities to monitor the power systems and gather data on a much more granular level than ever before. While the utilities can potentially better understand the customers, design the demand response programs, forecast and control the loads, integrate renewable energy and plan the systems, etc., they are facing analytic issues with making sense and taking advantage of the "big data".

This tutorial developed by IEEE Working Group on Energy Forecasting offers a comprehensive overview of energy forecasting to utility forecasters, analysts, planners, operators and their managers. The participants will learn the fundamentals and the state-of-the-art of load, price and wind forecasting through real world examples and case studies. Topics include:

  • Fundamentals of energy forecasting
  • Short-term and long-term electricity demand forecasting
  • Price forecasting in competitive electricity markets
  • Wind power forecasting in theory and practice

Renewable Energy Systems Modeling and Dynamic Performance

Date: Tuesday, 28 July
Time: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
Price: Early Bird US$295, Regular US$395.
Student Early Bird $100, Student Regular $150
Instructors: Pouyan Pourbeik, EPRI; Nicholas Miller, GE; Eduard Muljadi, NREL; Robert Nelson, Siemens; Yuriy Kazachkov, Siemens PTI; Jason McDowell, GE; Istvan Erlich, University Duisburg Essen; Jens Fortmann, HTW-Berlin

This tutorial is on the dynamic performance and modeling of renewable energy systems, with a focus on wind and PV generation, as it pertains to bulk electric power system analysis. Topics that will be covered include the latest generic public models developed and now deployed in major commercial software platforms for positive sequence stability analysis of wind and PV generation, the modeling of wind and PV plants in powerflow analyses, calculating the short circuit contributions from inverter based generation and the types of models and methods needed for studying special cases such as subsynchronous torsional interactions between wind turbine and series compensation. Also, there will be discussions on modeling needs for studying wind and PV integration into systems with very low short circuit levels. The tutorial will be of interest to system planner, operators, wind and PV plant developers, research entities and other stakeholders in the power and energy industry.

Distribution System Modeling, Automation, Management and Advanced Applications

Date: Tuesday, 28 July
Time: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
Price: Early Bird US$295, Regular US$395.
Student Early Bird US$100, Student Regular US$150
Instructors: Jiyuan Fan, Southern States LLC; John D McDonald, P.E, Digital Energy, GE

This course introduces the intuitive concepts, fundamental theories, practical technologies on system modeling, automation management, including the core functionalities and real use cases of the integrated Distribution Automation/Distribution Management Systems (DA/DMS) and the advanced applications in Smart Distribution. The potential audience would include power system planning/operation engineers, project/product managers, business leaders in power utilities, smart grid solution providers, system developers, research institutes, as well as individual researchers, college students and other individuals working on or interested in the Smart Distribution Solutions.

The course will cover the following break-down topics: Overall Framework and Architecture of DA/DMS Systems in Smart Distribution, Distribution System Modeling for automation and management, Static and Dynamic Data for DA/DMS, Advanced Real-time and Analytic Applications for Distribution System Operation, Analysis and Optimization, Distributed and Renewable Energy Resource (DER) Management and Optimization, Consumer Participation and the Impacts to the Distribution System Operation, DMS system integration with other systems in Smart Distribution and New Trend in DA/DMS Development.

Smart Substations: Protection, Control, Communications, Wide Area Measurements, and Enterprise Applications

Date: Tuesday 28 July
Time: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
Price: Early Bird US$295, Regular US$395.
Student Early Bird US$100, Student Regular US$150
Instructors: David Boroughs, Quanta Technology; Eric Udren, Quanta Technology

Which substation protection, control, and communications designs lead to integration that serves users across the utility enterprise? Modern protective relays, switchyard data acquisition units, data concentrators, and other intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) are the essential eyes and ears of smart substations. They collect information, protect and control apparatus, monitor equipment condition, and aggregate data for mission-critical and Smart Grid functions via serial or Ethernet communications networks. The data streams include synchrophasors for wide area monitoring, protection, automation, and control (WAMPAC). All of the substation measurements and communications comprise a platform for Smart Grid functions – the utility must plan how to use this platform effectively to realize operational and economic benefits.

The course explains the most recent advances in measurement technology, intelligent relays and IEDs, data communications, and substation integration design. Attendees get an overview of specific functions and implementations, plus practical guidance on how to take advantage of potential benefits. Topics include:

  • Transmission versus Distribution Smart Grid Functions
  • Trends in System Wide communications
  • Wiring to LAN Evolution I- Ethernet & 61850
  • Communications transport Architectures
  • Wiring to LAN II- GOOSE & Process Bus
  • Communications Technologies & Applications
  • Wide Area Protection Evolution
  • Planning & optimizing Communications Networks
  • Relaying Function Evolution – Line, Bus, Transformer, Circuit Breaker Protection

Understanding Cascading Phenomenon: Methodologies and Industry Practice for Analysis of Cascading Failures

Date: Wednesday 29 July
Time: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
Price: Early Bird US$295, Regular US$395.
Student Early Bird US$100, Student Regular US$150 (Note: Free registration to this tutorial for first 20 students courtesy of V&R Energy.)
Instructors: Marianna Vaiman, V&R Energy; Bob Cummings, NERC; Ian Dobson, Iowa State University; Michael Forte, Con Edison of New York; Paul Hines, University of Vermont; Mladen Kezunovic, Texas A&M University; Eugene Litvinov, ISO New England; Vahid Madani, Pacific Gas & Electric; Damir Novosel, Quanta Technology; Milorad Papic, Idaho Power Company; Ryan Quint, Dominion Virginia Power; Dede Subakti, California ISO; Vladimir Terzija, University of Manchester; Vijay Vittal, Arizona State University; Brett Wangen, Peak Reliability

Cascading failures present severe threats to power grid reliability and security, and thus reducing their likelihood, and timely detection, mitigation and prevention of cascades are of significant importance, and believed to be one of the greatest challenges in power grids today. This tutorial developed by the IEEE Cascading Failure Working Group provides an overview of the cascading phenomenon and explains methods, technologies, and tools that are currently being used to predict, detect, mitigate and restore from cascading failures. This is the first PES GM tutorial dedicated solely to the subject of cascading outages. This full day tutorial covers the power system cascading concepts, models, relevant standards and existing industry practices for analysis of cascading failures in planning and operating environments. Close attention is given to the new technologies, such as synchrophasor technology, for better detection and mitigation of cascading outages. The tutorial also explains the root causes and mechanisms of propagation of the past blackouts, and discusses the lessons learned. The tutorial, taught by well recognized experts from industry and academia, is intended for power system engineers, regulators, transmission owners, power engineering students and academics. Topics include:

  • Overview of Cascading Outages Phenomenon
  • Framework for Analysis of Cascading Outages
  • Current Tools and Emerging Technologies for Prediction and Detection of Cascading Outages
  • Current Tools and Emerging Technologies for Prevention and Mitigation of Cascading Outages
  • Industry Experience in the Analysis of Cascading Outages
  • Restoration from Cascading Failures
  • Analysis of Past Blackouts Caused by Cascading Outages: Lessons Learned

Distribution Volt-var control and Optimization

Date: Wednesday, 29
Time: 8:00AM - 5:00PM
Price: Early Bird US$295, Regular US$395.
Student Early Bird US$100, Student Regular US$150
Instructors: Murty V.V.S. Yalla, Beckwith Electric Co Inc; Bob Uluski, Utility Integration Solutions; Mike Simms, Duke Energy; Valentina Dabic, B.C. Hydro; Larry Conrad, Conrad Technical Services; Mesut Baran, North Carolina State University; Barry Stephens, Georgia Power; Phil Powell, Dominion Voltage Inc; Borka Milosevic, GE Energy

The concept of Volt-var control is essential to electric power companies’ ability to deliver power within appropriate voltage limits (regulated by Public Utility Commissions) so that consumers’ equipment operates properly, and to deliver power at an optimal power factor to minimize distribution losses. The relationship between voltage and vars vary depending on the type of load (constant power, constant current, constant impedance), and the type, size, and location of distributed energy resources (photovoltaic, distributed wind, various storage technologies, etc.); among others. The complexity and dynamic nature of these characteristics make the task of managing electrical distribution networks challenging.

The smart grid concept has dramatically changed the design and operation of modern Volt-var control systems. The objectives for Volt-var Control have expanded considerably beyond simply maintaining acceptable voltage and power factor. "Volt-var Control" has become "Volt-var Optimization", which has the expanded objectives to increase overall efficiency, reduce electrical demand using conservation voltage reduction (CVR), promote energy conservation, and improve power quality.

Volt-var Optimization (VVO) systems must accommodate distributed energy resources (DERs), and must respond automatically when the status or output level of DERs changes. In addition, VVO systems must operate effectively following feeder reconfiguration, which will happen more frequently in a smart distribution grid due to optimal network reconfiguration, automatic service restoration, and other applications involving "smart" switching.

This tutorial will cover Volt-var control basic principles, terms and definitions, approaches, issues and challenges, and results observed. This course also presents case studies from GA power, BC Hydro and Duke Energy. This course will benefit engineers in operations, planning, smart grid, SCADA groups. It will be especially useful for utilities who are contemplating implementing Volt-var Optimization. Topics include:

  • Introduction and Basics
  • Volt-var control technologies and tradeoffs
  • Volt-var control coordination – potential issues and solutions
  • Volt-var Optimization (VVO)/Conservation Voltage Reduction (CVR) Techniques
  • Impact of high penetration of Distributed Generation (DG) on the Volt Var Control
  • Verification, Assessment and Monitoring Requirements for CVR
  • Cost - benefit analysis of VVO
  • Implementation of Volt-var Control – Case Studies from Utilities